How the hottest domestic industrial robots break t

2022-09-23
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How do domestic industrial robots break out of the siege

enter the Shenyang Tiexi factory of BMW Brilliance. More than 600 industrial robots are rapidly twisting and moving, sometimes welding for the frame, sometimes grabbing parts and components for rapid assembly. Multiple robots cooperate with each other in flexibility and speed, and brand-new cars drive to the market from the efficient production line. The relevant person in charge of BMW factory told China intellectual property news that these industrial robots used core patented technology, and the automation rate of vehicle production reached more than 95%

As an important foundation of modern industrial development, industrial robots have become an important symbol to measure a country's manufacturing level and scientific and technological level. In recent years, the United States, Japan, the European Union and other countries and regions have accelerated the development and application of industrial robots in order to occupy the commanding heights in the new round of industrial revolution. As the largest industrial robot market in the world, China has been lack of independent large brand enterprises. To this end, China issued the robot industry development plan (2016-2020) in 2016 to encourage the robot industry to increase R & D investment, improve technological innovation capabilities, and cultivate independent brands. Now, the plan has been implemented for four years. How competitive is China in the field of industrial robots? Are there any gaps in relevant technologies? What is the awareness of intellectual property protection

current situation: there is a gap between independent brands

in recent years, with the gradual reduction of the proportion of labor population, "robot replacement" has gradually become a trend. In May 2015, Foxconn cut 60000 employees from 110000 in a large factory in Kunshan and replaced them with thousands of industrial robots. Since 2013, China has maintained the world's largest market for industrial robots for many consecutive years. According to the International Federation of Robotics (IFR) with capital operation as a link, the global industrial robot market in 2018 was US $16.82 billion, of which China's industrial robot market was US $6.2 billion, with an average growth rate of nearly 30% from 2013 to 2018

what does not match the largest market of industrial robots in the world is that the independent brand of industrial robots in China needs to be cultivated and explored. At present, developed countries have established a perfect industrial robot industry system, and their core technologies and product applications are in the leading position, and have formed a few robot leading enterprises that occupy the global leading position, such as the "four families" represented by FANUC, Yaskawa, KUKA, and abb, which occupy nearly 60% of China's industrial robot market share

in contrast, China's industrial robots have a significantly lower market share in the domestic market. Although the research and development of robots in China started in the 1970s, due to the slow development of technology and the lack of urgent market demand, there has been no great breakthrough in the research and development of related technologies. In recent years, driven by a series of policy support and market demand, China's robot industry has entered a rapid development stage. According to the Institute of robotics for industrial research and development (GGII), there were a total of 18 financing cases involving the collaborative robot market in China from 2015 to 2018. In terms of financing rounds, angel round, pre-A and a round are the main ones. Financing is mainly used to achieve mass production of robots, expand product sales channels and improve market share

however, compared with developed countries, there is still a large gap in China's robot industry, which is mainly manifested in: high-precision reducer, servo motor and controller in robot parts rely on imports; Weak core technology innovation ability and low quality reliability of high-end products; The problem of "small 3. The sliding surface between the inlaid steel plate and the lining plate and the dovetail groove surface on the lining plate should be kept clean and loose" is still prominent, and the industrial competitiveness is lack

"the grasping of robot mobile manipulator is a key technology in the flexible manufacturing of multi variety and small batch products, and has become a hot spot in the industry in recent years." At the ofweek2019 (9th) China robot industry conference held recently, Professor caoqixin, executive deputy director of the Robotics Institute of Shanghai Jiaotong University, said. According to Wang Liang, the marketing director of Shenzhen zhongweixing Technology Co., Ltd., although there have been a few "top-notch" domestic robot enterprises in some fields, the "price war" still "Hurts" many robot manufacturers

reason: the patent layout is weak

"the reason is that the patent layout is not closely related to products, which is one of the important factors restricting the development of China's industrial robot enterprises." Zhuxiaorui, a professor at Harbin Institute of Technology (Shenzhen), told this newspaper that some enterprises have not really formed respect for and effective protection of intellectual property rights

in contrast, foreign brands such as youao, abb and KUKA not only have their own technologies for key parts such as controllers and servo motors, but also each enterprise has core technology advantages in key parts and components, and has made intellectual property layout. Take youao, the most prominent company in the field of collaborative robots, as an example. It carried out patent layout as early as 2006. So far, 34 related patent applications have been submitted, involving many core patent technologies such as robot integrated joint structure, and the matching degree of patents and products is high

after patent search, Li Kang, a senior search analyst of extraordinary intellectual property, found that at present, some domestic robot companies such as Aobo, Daming, jieka and Xinsong have carried out patent layout since 2013, and the number and quality of patents have improved. However, compared with foreign countries, there is still a large gap in the overall technical level. China lacks the original achievements of core key technologies, especially in the technology gap of high reliability basic functional components such as precision reducer, servo motor, servo driver and controller, which leads domestic enterprises to rely on imports for a long time in terms of core parts, and mainly engage in the assembly of robot machines and the provision of integrated solutions for other industries. In addition, from the perspective of technical parameters alone, some technical indicators of domestic industrial robots in terms of load, load weight ratio, repeated positioning accuracy, weight, ease of use and so on have been close to the level of deformation units mm, cm, inch of foreign manufacturers, but there is still a gap compared with foreign products in terms of safety, reliability and long-term operation stability

these factors lead to the weak bargaining power of domestic robot enterprises to a certain extent. Insiders pointed out that the unit price of core parts purchased by domestic robot manufacturers is usually 1.5 to 3 times that of international giants. The huge price difference has increased the manufacturing cost of domestic robots. At the same time, there is a certain gap between the stability of product performance and the products of the "four families", and the product competitiveness is obviously insufficient

breakthrough: early deployment of future development

facing the gap, how should domestic industrial robots break through? In Wang Liang's view, only when each robot enterprise clearly defines its own position, deeply cultivates and highlights its advantages by segmenting industries, can it make itself invincible. We should not only achieve major breakthroughs in key parts and high-end products of robots, but also greatly improve the quality reliability, market share and competitiveness of leading enterprises of robots; We should not only take enterprises as the main body, but also promote the collaborative innovation of industry, University, research and application, build the competitiveness of the whole industrial chain of robots, form a robot industry system with Chinese characteristics, and lay a solid foundation for the construction of a manufacturing power

Yun Chao, a professor at the school of machinery, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, said that whether it is studying and researching on the imported foreign robot operating system or the Independent Cooperative Research of domestic scientific research institutions and enterprises, domestic robot enterprises still have a lot to learn and a long way to go. Zhu Xiaorui also hopes that one day domestic enterprises can defeat homogeneous competitors by owning core patented technologies

in view of relevant problems, industry experts said that domestic enterprises should actively track the future development trend of robots and lay out the research of new generation robot technology in advance: on the one hand, strengthen the research of common key technologies of robots, on the other hand, improve the quality and reliability of key parts and high-end products of robots, and enhance the core competitiveness of independent brands. Focus on the following three points: first, strengthen the research on common key technologies. Aiming at the demand of intelligent manufacturing and industrial transformation and upgrading for industrial robots, we should focus on breaking through the common key technologies that restrict the development of robots in China. Secondly, establish and improve the robot innovation platform. Fully integrate and make use of existing scientific and technological resources and R & D forces, establish a robot Innovation Center for the whole industry, and create a collaborative innovation carrier with close integration of government, industry, University, research and application. Finally, strengthen the relevance between robot technology innovation, patent layout and products, build and improve the robot industry standard system, and actively participate in the formulation of international standards

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