How the hottest digital solutions promote the real

2022-09-19
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How digital solutions can promote the realization of sustainable development goals

in June 2016, the global information sustainability project (Gesi) and Accenture jointly released a report entitled "system change: how digital solutions can promote the realization of sustainable development goals", pointing out that digital technology can shape a more sustainable future, and provide opportunities for enterprises in the ICT sector to enhance their competitiveness. The report also pointed out that in order to realize the full potential of digital solutions, we still need to overcome obstacles such as policies, regulations and supply side restrictions

this report is divided into six parts:

● the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals encourage the transformation of today's world

● digitalization changes people's lives

● digital solutions promote the achievement of all sustainable development goals

● sustainable development is conducive to the establishment of good business awareness

● developing digital potential requires removing obstacles and paying attention to several issues

● Gesi, and call for action to make SDG possible

(I) the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals encourage the transformation of the world today

the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (sdgs) expect the world to eradicate poverty and hunger by 2030; Achieving gender equality; Economic growth is fair and will not damage the environment. In the global development agenda, the SDG was extended to all countries for the first time, and ambitious goals were put forward, such as achieving zero hunger by 2030

global sustainable development has greatly increased the recycling rate of plastic packaging materials, facing three major problems:

1 Current growth is unsustainable. People consume the earth's ecological resources excessively. By 2030, the global economy will consume $4.5 trillion in materials, which are not recyclable and renewable

2. Global warming continues to develop. Although all countries follow the Paris cop21 agreement, the global temperature still rises by an average of 2.7 C per year, exceeding the ideal level of 1.5 C, bringing more natural disasters and forcing millions of people to leave their homes

3. Social progress is too slow for many people. Take education as an example, 59million children cannot enter school at all, and in the least developed countries, one third of children cannot complete basic education

this report comprehensively assesses the impact of digital solutions on transformation and how information and communication technology (ICT) can promote the realization of SDG, covering 215 economies, 54 developed countries, 113 developing countries and 48 least developed countries, involving 63 core indicators. The implementation of the 17 United Nations SDG development goals in various countries is shown in Figure 1

Figure 1 achievement of 17 United Nations Development Goals

the contribution of digital solutions in various industries to SDG is shown in Figure 2. By 2030, 8.5 billion people will have access to digital life

Figure 2 contribution of digital solutions in various industries to SDG

(II) digitalization changes people's lives

the goal of sustainable development will be achieved in less than 15 years, and there are urgent requirements for speed and effect. The first part of the figure carbon rate steel and low alloy steel solutions have the following characteristics in changing people's lives:

1 Fast expansion speed

digital solutions expand and extend to all aspects of economy and society at an unimaginable speed, and can cover people with different incomes, and are everywhere. Although 130 years have passed since the first time of electricity, only 17% of the pan Saharan rural population has access to electricity. The digitalization process is different. At present, 70% of the pan Saharan population has access to mobile, only 23 years since the first figure was put into use. Compared with the use of electricity, the popularity of networks is 23 times faster, which will be conducive to the realization of SDG goals

2. People oriented

digital solutions are people-oriented, and products and services are automatically people-centered: let people get a better experience, reduce costs, and improve sustainability. With the adoption of digital solutions, people naturally gain social, economic and environmental benefits, which have a direct and indirect effect on the realization of SDG, such as wearable medical monitoring facilities

3. Bring new business models

digital solutions bring new business models to the world, promote innovation, improve the quality of life, and achieve growth in all fields

(III) digital solutions promote the realization of all sustainable development goals

gesi research found that digital solutions have a huge and measurable positive impact, which is mainly related to the three development dimensions of SDG, namely:

1 Improve the quality of life

figures show that by 2030, it is estimated that the development of IOT will save 720000 lives and prevent 30million traffic accidents; 1.6 billion people will benefit from more accessible, cheaper and higher quality medical services

Table 1 shows the key areas involved in the four SDG indicators related to the improvement of quality of life, the most powerful digital solutions, and the positive impact of digitalization

Table 1 SDG indicators, solutions and results related to quality of life improvement

2 Promoting equitable development

economic growth is a necessary prerequisite for the prosperity of communities and individuals, including sufficient assets for each family and individual, equal participation of women, high productivity employment, infrastructure to promote innovation, a friendly industrial environment, and ensuring common development. It is estimated that digital solutions such as IOT and robots will bring nearly US $1trillion in economic benefits to industries such as intelligent manufacturing and intelligent logistics.

Table 2 shows the key areas involved in the five SDG indicators related to cultivating balanced development, the most powerful digital solutions, and the positive impact of digitization

Table 2 SDG indicators, digital solutions and results related to cultivating balanced development

3 Protecting the environment

mainly refers to ensuring the supply of fresh water, everyone enjoys clean energy, better and cleaner cities, resource efficiency, better coping with climate change, and protecting water and soil ecosystems. Digital solutions can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions, drive the market to shift towards renewable energy, and reduce carbon emissions by 20% by 2030

Table 3 shows the key areas involved in the five SDG indicators related to environmental protection, the most powerful digital solutions, and the positive impact of digitalization

Table 3 SDG indicators, digital solutions and results related to environmental protection

(IV) sustainable development is conducive to bringing good business value

this part of the report verifies how to solve social, economic and environmental challenges in order to achieve SDG goals, which means that the ICT private sector has a lot of room for development

digital solutions contribute to the realization of SDG goals, from which businesses, governments and individuals can obtain $9trillion in economic benefits every year. For ICT investors, it can also generate additional income of $2.1 trillion

gesi research found that by 2030, 2.5 billion unconnected people will be able to access the Internet, bringing us $400billion a year. Other key areas of revenue include: e-commerce can bring us $580billion in additional revenue every year; The flexible working mode based on network brings additional income of more than 537billion US dollars; Intelligent buildings exceed 200billion US dollars; E-government generated US $86billion; E-learning has exceeded $75billion; Other areas include wearable technology, electronic medicine, precision agriculture and car coupling solutions

gesi also brings some intangible ICT income. According to a recent survey, more than two-thirds of enterprises have considered SDG goals in their planning. 79% of the CEO representatives publicly promised emission reduction targets, and some financial institutions took climate change, potential resource strikes, and business models into account

personally, digital solutions in the ICT field have changed lifestyles and brought new demands. Users, enterprises and governments have all achieved the goal of fair development, and digital driven products and services have brought a larger market. Enterprises in all fields will benefit from this, and ICT has become a common adhesive in all industries

(V) to release the potential of digitalization, we need to remove obstacles and pay attention to several issues

however, in order to fully release the energy of digitalized third tier cities, which certainly do not have enough resources to attract a large number of entrepreneurs and achieve social, economic and environmental benefits, large-scale ICT Digitalization deployment needs to remove three major obstacles:

● effective operation of ICT industry, including the rules of the game on the supply side and the demand side Political and administrative obstacles

● restrict ICT construction, and suppliers lack capital for infrastructure projects and innovative experimental digital solutions

● obstacles on the demand side, lack of appropriate digital skills, including users and entrepreneurs

various countries face different situations. The report calls on decision-making bodies, multilateral and donor organizations, non-governmental organizations and the private sector to take measures to solve the following problems:

1 Regulatory barriers

regulatory barriers take several forms, mainly including improper regulation of ICT sector, insufficient and poorly coordinated protection of intellectual property rights and digital security, which is similar to the least developed countries, developing countries and developed countries

in developing countries, the low penetration rate of infrastructure and connection monopoly are the most prominent. There are also deficiencies and deficiencies in regulation, which hinder digital construction and lead to difficulties in infrastructure and connection investment

in developed countries, over regulation of ICT industry has hindered the deployment of digital solutions, especially software, applications and connections, because the establishment of regulation has not had a positive impact on new digital solutions

2. Financial barriers

the impact of financial barriers on digital deployment can be divided into three categories:

● lack of regulation and policy incentives for investment

● the investor lacks available capital

● the affordability of digital solutions on the demand side is poor

the third problem is particularly prominent in the least developed countries and developing regions. Limited public financial support has seriously affected digital infrastructure investment. The lack of incentives has affected the development of ICT subordinate industries in developed and developing countries. For the private sector and policy makers, we should establish a financial environment to cultivate digital innovation in order to achieve sustainable development

3. Scale of digital solutions

in the deployment of digital solutions, the following issues deserve special attention:

● ensure the credibility of Digital: including two standards, one is that the collection and access of digital do not infringe personal privacy; Second, the digital use of data from different sources (including sensors) should conform to ethics

● avoid cyber crime: with the popularization and complexity of digital technology, it is very important to protect data security and avoid being attacked

● pay attention to the possible negative impact on Employment: it is mainly the lack of personnel skills caused by digitalization. How to respond to market demand and give full play to employment potential

● minimize the use of ICT resources through design and layout

this report finds that there is an urgent need to work hard to overcome regulatory and financial barriers and clarify the responsibilities of digital transformation, including ensuring the ethics of data use and cyber crime response by building trust and emphasizing attention to people

(VI) Gesi, take actions to achieve SDG

SDG is a grand global development goal, and digital solutions are indispensable for the realization of this goal, because it can promote the rapid transformation of the world and have a positive impact on the realization of SDG

gesi has incorporated SDG into the central framework of its 2030 action, but it is also aware that the ICT industry and digital solutions are not

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